CES – Wetted Wall Gas Absorption Column

 

CES – Wetted Wall Gas Absorption Column

Wetted wall columns may be used to determine gas/liquid mass transfer coefficients, essential when calculating the design of absorption towers.

Description

Wetted wall columns may be used to determine gas/liquid mass transfer coefficients, essential when calculating the design of absorption towers. Such coefficients form the basis of correlations used to develop packed towers.

CES examines the absorption of oxygen from air into deoxygenated water (prepared by nitrogen sparging). This is an example of liquid film controlled absorption.

The liquid film mass transfer coefficient can be determined at various mass flow rates of water.

The system components are mounted within a floor standing painted steel framework.

The wetted wall column is a glass column with water inlet and outlet sections and is gimbal mounted to ensure that it can be set accurately in a vertical orientation.

The deoxygenating column is of similar overall size to the wetted wall column, standing vertically adjacent to it. Beside the column is a control console housing flow meters, pump controls and oxygen analyser. Situated between the columns are two special housings containing the oxygen analysis probes which monitor the oxygen content in the water entering and leaving the absorption column. The apparatus uses water as the working medium, contained in a storage tank at the rear of the unit. Pumps delivering water to the deoxygenator and the absorption column are located at the base of the unit.

In operation, water is sparged with nitrogen in the deoxygenator before entering the top of the wetted wall column. Air is pumped by the integral diaphragm-type air pump into the base of the column. The air passes up the column, giving up the oxygen to the water. Dissolved oxygen at inlet and outlet can be measured in rapid succession. The water drains into the storage tank to be recycled to the deoxygenator.

Technical Specifications

Wetted wall column

Height: 900mm
Internal diameter: 32mm
Material: Glass

Deoxygenating column

Height: 1570mm
Internal diameter: 26mm
Material: Clear acrylic
Range: 600-5000 ml/min

Water flow meter

Range: 20-280 ml/min

Deoxygenator

Feed pump: 20 l/min @ 2m head
Absorption column feed pump: 10 l/min @ 1m head
Air feed pump: 24 l/min @ 1 kg/cm2
Sump tank capacity: Approx 40l

OXYGEN METER

Saturation

Range: 0-199.9%
Accuracy: ± 0.5%
Resolution: 0.1%
Temperature compensation: 0-50°C automatic

Concentration

Range: 0-19.9ppm
Accuracy: ± 0.2ppm
Resolution: 0.1ppm
Temperature compensation: 0-50°C automatic

Temperature

Range: -100°C to +200°C
Accuracy: ± 0.3°C
Resolution: 0.1°C

Features & Benefits

Downloads

  • Calculation of liquid film mass transfer coefficients
  • Variation of coefficient with mass flow rate
  • Variation of oxygen flow rate to determine power law relationship
  • To determine the power-law relationship between the liquid film mass transfer coefficient

The system chosen for the experiment is the absorption of oxygen into oxygen-free water. In this system the solubility and enthalpy of solution are small and by saturating the inlet air with water, humidification effects are eliminated. Thus it is possible to maintain reasonably isothermal conditions throughout the column.
Experimental procedure allows a power law relationship to be calculated and comparison is made between this and published relationships such as:

for various flow rates of oxygen (in the form of air) a power law can be determined and compared to published values.

In order to plot the graph, the student must calculate log mean concentration difference, mass flux and transfer coefficients. Also, a full error analysis can be carried out.

 

Cylinder of compressed nitrogen gas with pressure regulator (not supplied)

  • A floor-standing apparatus, used for demonstration and determination of liquid film mass transfer coefficients
  • Comprises both wetted wall column and a deoxygenating column, a water tank, two water pumps, an air pump and an oxygen meter with two probes
  • The wetted wall section is 900mm long, 32mm internal diameter and made of glass
  • The deoxygenating column is 1570mm long, 26mm internal diameter and made of clear acrylic
  • The equipment is used to study absorption of oxygen from air into deoxygenated water, specific demonstrations include:
    • – Calculation of liquid film mass transfer coefficient
    • – Variation of this coefficient with mass flow rate
    • – Determination of the power law relationship

Electricity Requirements:

CES-A: 220-240V / 1ph / 50Hz
CES-G: 220-240V / 1ph / 60Hz

Consumables:

Nitrogen supply @ 1 bar 50Ltr with pressure regulator

 

PACKED AND CRATED SHIPPING SPECIFICATIONS

Volume: 2.1m³

Gross Weight: 252kg

Length: 2.50m

Width: 1.00m

Height: 0.50m

CES-A: 220-240V / 1ph / 50Hz
CES-G: 220-240V / 1ph / 60Hz

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